IVF Treatment

3 Simple steps to understanding vitro fertilisation (IVF) process

In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is a process where sperm fertilises the eggs in the laboratory (rather than in the woman’s fallopian tube). This involves:

  • Step-01

    Placing the egg from the woman together with many thousands of sperm (typically 100,000).

  • Step-02

    The fertilised embryos grow in the laboratory over five days (blastocyst stage) before being transferred into the woman’s uterus in a simple procedure called embryo transfer.

  • Step-03

    The embryo transfer process involves passing a very fine tube containing the embryo through the cervix and into the uterine cavity. Usually one embryo at a time is transferred with additional embryos stored by freezing for use in subsequent treatments.


Who Is IVF Suitable For?

For many couples or individuals in vitro fertilisation (IVF) offers the best chance of achieving a pregnancy. IVF treatment may be recommended in a range of conditions affecting fertility, including sperm abnormalities, endometriosis, tubal damage, unsuccessful ovulation induction and unexplained infertility. IVF may also be an option for single women and same-sex and gender diverse couples who choose to use donor sperm to have a baby.

If the sperm profile is poor the process of fertilisation is carried out by intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), where a single sperm is injected into each egg. Fertilisation then takes place over a number of hours in a culture dish maintained under ideal conditions in the laboratory.



What Is My Chance Of IVF Success?

The success rate of IVF can vary widely and is mostly influenced by the age of the female partner.

To learn more about IVF, including the step-by-step process and associated costs, please visit https://www.mivf.com.au/treatments-services/ivf-procedures/ivf-treatment-and-process


Behind the Scenes in the IVF lab

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